The southernmost Cree community of the Eeyou Istchee James Bay Territory: Waswanipi (”light on the water”), lies on the banks of the Waswanipi River. In 1846, an Anglican mission settled on a small island in the northern part of the lake, the former location of the village. Dispersed by the closing of the local trading post and the opening of a railroad between Chibougamau and Senneterre in the early 1960s, the population resettled the community at its present location in 1976.